KNJIŽEVNI ZAOKRET I ETNOGRAFSKO PISANJE U AMERIČKOJ KULTURNOJ ANTROPOLOGIJI

Autori

  • Gordana Gorunović Odeljenje za etnologiju i antropologiju Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Beogradu

Ključne reči:

etnografsko pisanje, interpretativizam, postmodernizam, postmoderna etnografija, američka kulturna antropologija, Kliford Gerc, Vinsent Krapancano

Apstrakt

Etnografsko pisanje kao nova tema, predmet analize i povod za kritičko pisanje, tekstualne eksperimente i inovacije javlja se u 1980-im. Najčešće se dovodi u vezu sa tzv. književnim zaokretom i tekstualno, kritički i refleksivno orijentisanim pristupima u okviru interpretativne i postmoderne antropologije u Sjedinjenim Ameri- čkim Državama. Tada je usledilo propitivanje diskurzivno-retoričkih praksi antropologije kao Zapadne discipline o kulturi i Drugom u modernom i savremenom svetu. U ovom tekstu se iznosi pregled ključnih dela u kojima se diskutuju starije forme - etnografskog pisanja u tradiciji antropologije, odnosno zagovaraju i praktikuju nove kao epistemološki i etički korektnije. Posebna pažnja je posvećena kritici Gercovog pisanja, na primeru eseja o "dubokoj igri", iz perspektive postmoderne etnografije.

Reference

Archeti, Eduardo P. (ed.) 1991. Exploring the Written: Anthropology and the Multiplicity of Writing. Oslo: Scandinavian University Press.

Ardener, Edwin. 1978. "Some Outstanding Problems in the Analysis of Events". In The Yearbook of Symbolic Anthropology I, ed. Erik Schwimmer, London: Hurst – Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press; Ardener 2007. In The Voice of Prophecy and Other Essays, 86-104. Berghahn Books.

Ardener, Edwin. 1985. "Social Anthropology and the Decline of Modernism". In Reason and Morality, ed. Joanna Overing, 47-70. London: Tavistock; Ardener 2007. In The Voice of Prophecy and Other Essays, 191-210.

Bajar, Pjer. 2009. Kako da govorimo o knjigama koje nismo pročitali? Beograd: Službeni glasnik.

Bart, Rolan. 1979. Književnost, mitologija, semiologija. Beograd: Nolit.

Barthes, Roland. 1982. "Deliberation". In Barthes Reader, ed. Susan Sontag. New York: Hill and Wang.

Boon, James A. 1972. From Symbolism to Structuralism: Lévi-Strauss in a Literary Tradition. New York: Harper and Row.

Boon, James A. 1989. "Lévi-Strauss, Wagner, Romanticism: A ReadingBack". In Romantic Motives: Essays on Anthropological Sensibility, ed. George W. Stocking, Jr, 124-168. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press.

Bošković, Aleksandar. 2002. Clifford Geertz: Writing and Interpretation. Sociologija XLIV (1): 41-55.

Bošković, Aleksandar. 2007. Od teorije kulture do objašnjenja sveta. U Kultura 118/119: 9-18, ur. A. Bošković.

Bowen, Elinor Smith. 1954. Return to Laughter: An Anthropological Novel. New York: Harper and Row.

Brown, Richard Harvey. 1977. A Poetic for Sociology: Toward a Logic of Discovery for the Human Sciences. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Clifford, James. 1982. Person and Myth: Maurice Leenhardt in the Melanesian World. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Clifford, James. 1983a. On Ethnographic Authority. Representations 1 (2): 118-146.

Clifford, James. 1983b. "Power and Dialogue in Ethnography: Marcel Griaule’s Initiation". In Observers Observed: Essays on Ethnographic Fieldwork, ed. George W. Stocking, Jr, 121-156. Madison: University of Wiskonsin Press.

Clifford, James. 1986. "Introduction: Partial Thruts". In Writing Culture, 1- 26.

Clifford, James and George E. Marcus. 1986b. "Preface". In Writing Culture, vii-ix.

Clifford, James and George E. Marcus (eds.) 1986a. Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Clifford, James. 1988. The Predicament of Culture: Twentieth-Century Ethnography, Literature, and Art. Cambridge – London: Harvard University Press.

Crapanzano, Vincent. 1980. Tuhami: Portrait of a Moroccan. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Crapanzano, Vincent. 1986. "Hermes’ Dilemma: The Masking of Subversion in Ethnographic Description". In Writing Culture, eds. Clifford and Marcus, 51-76.

Danforth, Loring M. and Alexander Tsiaras (photo.) 1982. The Death Rituals of Rural Greece. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

De Angelis, Rose (ed.) 2002. Between Anthropology and Literature: Interdisciplinary Discourse. London – New York: Routledge.

Dorst, John D. 1989. The Written Suburb: An American Site, An Ethnographic Dilemma. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Dwyer, Kevin. 1982. Moroccan Dialogues: Anthropology in Question. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Eriksen, Thomas Hylland and Finn Sivert Nielsen. 2001. A History of Anthropology. London: Pluto Press.

Fabian, Johannes. 1983. Time and Other: How Anthropology Makes Its Object. New York: Columbia University Press.

Fabian, Johannes. 1990. Presence and Representation: The Other and Anthropological Writing. Critical Inquiry 16 (4): 753-772.

Fabian, Johannes. 1991. "Dillemas of Critical Anthropology". In Constructing Knowledge: Authority and Critique in Social Science, eds. Lorraine Nencel and Peter Pels, 180-202. London: Sage.

Фабијан, Јоханес. 2001. Вријеме и други: како антропологија прави свој предмет. Никшић: Јасен.

Geertz, Clifford. 1972. Deep Play: Notes on the Balinese Cockfight. Daedalus 101(1): 1-37.

Geertz, Clifford. 1988. Works and Lives: The Anthropologist as Author. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Geertz, Clifford. 1995. After the Fact: Two Countries, Four Decades, One Anthropologist. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Gerc, Kliford. 1998a. "Podroban opis: ka interpretativnoj teoriji kulture." U Tumačenje kultura, 1, 9-46. Beograd: Biblioteka XX vek.

Gerc, Kliford.1998b. "Duboka igra: Beleške o balinežanskoj borbi petlova". U Tumačenje kultura, 2, 250-251.

Geertz, C. 2000. [1985] "The State of the Art". In Available Light: Anthropological Reflections on Philosophical Topics, 89-142. Princeton – Oxford: Princeton University Press.

Gellner, Ernest. 1995. Anthropology and Politics: Revolutions in the Sacred Grove. Oxford – Cambridge: Blackwell.

Gerc, Kliford. 2010. Antropolog kao pisac. Beograd: Biblioteka XX vek.

Hastrup, Kirsten. 1978. "The Post-Structuralist Position of Social Anthropology". U The Yearbook of Symbolic Anthropology I, ed. Erik Schwimmer, 123-147. London – Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press.

Inglis, Fred. 2000. Clifford Geertz: Culture, Custom, and Ethics. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Ивановић, Зорица. 2005. Tерен антропологије и теренско истраживање пре и после критике репрезентације. U Етнологија и антропологија: стање и перспективе, 123-141. Зборник Етнографског института САНУ 21.

Компањон, Aнтоан. 2001. Демон теорије. Нови Сад: Светови.

Ковачевић, Иван. 2006a. Индивидуална антропологија или антрополог као лични гуслар. Етноантрополошки проблеми 1: 17-34.

Ковачевић, Иван. 2006b. "Нативна етнографија и етнографија другог у посети српском селу". U Традиција модерног: Прилози историји савремене антропологије, 97-145. Београд: Српски генеалошки центар.

Kovačević, Ivan. 2007. "Deset antiteza jednom postizmu u antropologiji". U Antropologija savremenosti, ur. Saša Nedeljković, 24-35. Beograd: Srpski genealoški centar.

Kuper, Adam. 1999. Culture: The Anthropologists’ Account. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Layton, Robert. 1997. Introduction to Theory in Anthropology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lewis, Herbert S. 1998. The Misrepresentation of Anthropology and Its Consequences. American Anthropologist, New Series, 100 (3): 716-731.

Lyotard, Jean-François. 1984. The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Marcus, George E. 1980. Rhetoric and the Ethnographic Genre in Anthropological Research. Current Anthropology 21 (4): 507-510.

Marcus, George E. and Dick Kushman. 1982. Ethnographies as Texts. Annual Review of Anthropology 11: 25-69.

Marcus, George E. 1985. A Timely Rereading of Naven: Gregory Bateson as Oracular Essayist. Representations 12: 66-82.

Marcus, George E. 1999. "The Use of Complicity in the Changing Mise-enScene of Anthropological Fieldwork". U The Fate of "Culture": Geertz and Beyond, ed. Sherry B. Ortner, 86-109. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Marcus, George E. i Michael M. J. Fischer. 2003. Antropologija kao kritika kulture: eksperimentalni trenutak u humanističkim znanostima. Zagreb: Naklada Breza.

McCormack, Brian. 1999. Three Clowns of Ethnography: Geertz, Lévi-Strauss, and Derrida. Dialectical Anthropology 24: 125-139.

Mc Neil, Legs, Jenifer Osborn and Peter Pavia, 2005. The Other Hollywood: The Uncensored Oral History of Porn Film Industry. Regan Books.

Миленковић, Милош. 2003. Проблем етнографски стварног: Полемика о Самои у кризи етнографског реализма. Београд: Српски генеалошки центар.

Milenković, Miloš. 2007a. Istorija postmoderne antropologije: Teorija etnografije, Beograd: Srpski genealoški centar.

Milenković, Miloš. 2007b. Istorija postmoderne antropologije: Posle postmodernizma, Beograd: Srpski genealoški centar.

Milenković, Miloš. 2008. Da li je etnografija deo antropologije ili je antropologija deo etnografije? Etnoantropološki problemi 1: 275-278.

Milenković, Miloš. 2009. Interdisciplinarni afiniteti postmoderne antropologije, deo I: paradigmatski zastoji i opšta mesta interdisciplinarne redukcije. Antropologija 7: 31-52.

Mihelsen, Arun. 2007. "Ne stvaram sisteme": Intervju s Klifordom Gercom. Kultura 118/119: 183-203.

Ortner, Sherry B. 1984. Theory in Anthropology since the Sixties. Comparative Studies in Society and History 26 (1): 126-166.

Peck, John and Martin Coyle. 2002. Literary Terms and Criticism. Palgrave McMillan, 3. edition

Pool, Robert. 1991. Postmodern Ethnography? Critique of Anthropology 11 (4): 309-331.

Pratt, Mary Louise. 1986. "Fieldwork in Common Places". In Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography, eds. J. Clifford and G. E. Marcus, 27-50. University of California Press.

Rabinow, Paul. 1975. Symbolic Domination: Cultural Forms and Historical Change in Morocco. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.

Rabinow, Paul. 1977. Reflections on Fieldwork in Morocco. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Rabinow, Paul. 1986. "Representations are Social Facts: Modernity and PostModernity in Anthropology". In Writing Culture, eds. Clifford and Marcus, 234-261.

Rosaldo, Renato. 1984. "Greaf and Headhunter’s Rage: On the Cultural Force of Emotions". In Text, Play, and Story: The Construction and Reconstruction of Self and Society, ed. Edward M. Bruner, 178-195. Washington, DC: The American Ethnological Society.

Rose, Dan. 1989. Patterns of American Culture: Ethnography and Estrangement. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Roseberry, William. 1989. [1982] "Balinese Cockfights and Seduction of Anthropology". In Anthropologies and Histories: Essays in Culture, History, and Political Economy, 17-29. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.

Said, Edvard. 2000. Orijentalizam. Beograd: XX vek.

Sahlins, Marshal. 1987. Islands of History. Chicago: Chicago University Press.

Schwimmer, Erik (ed.) 1978. The Yearbook of Symbolic Anthropology, I. London – Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press.

Sekulić, Nada 2007. O kraju antropologije: poststrukturalizam i savremena antropologija. Beograd: Institut za sociološka istraživanja - Filozofski fakultet.

Shostak, Marjorie. 1981. Nisa: The Life and Words of a !Kung Woman. Harvard University Press.

Симић, Марина. 2005. Да ли су сви антрополози (још увек) књижевници? Кратак преглед антрополошких приступа проблему књижевности и антропологије. Зборник Матице српске за књижевност и језик LIII/1 (3): 549-560.

Turner, Mark. 2001. "Deep Play". In Cognitive Dimensions of Social Science: The Way We Think About Politics, Economics, Law, and Society, 3-59. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Tyler, Stephen A. 1986. "Post-Modern Ethnography: From Document of the Occult to Occult Document". In Writing Culture, eds. Clifford and Marcus, 122-140.

Tyler, Stephen. 1987. The Unspeakable: Discourse, Dialogue, and Rhetoric in the Postmodern World. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

Ulin, Robert C. 1984. Understanding Cultures: Perspectives in Anthropology and Social Theory. Oxford: Blackwell.

##submission.downloads##

Objavljeno

2010-09-30

Broj časopisa

Sekcija

Original scientific paper

Najčitanije od istog autora

1 2 > >>